Davallia fejeensis: The Rabbits-foot Fern

October 29, 2012

IF YOU CAN’T HAVE A DOG OR A CAT IN YOUR HOME, at least obtain a Rabbits-foot fern (Davallia fejeensis). The plant’s rhizomes are as soft and  pet-able as a beagle’s ears. The flowing, medium-green foliage which emerges from the rhizomes is remarkable, too. Davallia makes the perfect foil for Persian cyclamens (above), African violets, and other flowering subjects. How to propagate and care for this friendly fern:

Culture. Grown in a cool house where temperatures rarely soar above 65 degrees, fejeensis is easy to please. Give it bright light or weak winter sun, constant moisture and well draining soil, and it will flourish for you. It does not demand high humidity. From January through September, I feed mine with every watering — a 1/4 teaspoon all-purpose formula dissolved in a gallon of water. (In the past I’ve fed the fern with MirAcid. However, fejeensis does not require acidic soil.)

Brown Foliage. In my experience, the fern will maintain its handsome looks for only a year or two before its leaves wither and brown in a Victorian death scene. Browning usually occurs when the rhizomes have grown so thickly matted that water can not penetrate the roots beneath them. To restore the plant to good health, do what I do, and either propagate small sections of rhizomes, or divide the plant into several new ones.

To propagate rhizomes:
First, knock the plant from its pot. If it won’t dislodge easily, cut off any rhizomes which cling to the sides of the pot. Cutting these “feet” will seem rather cruel, especially if you’re accustomed to “petting” them on a regular basis.

Next, using hand pruners, cut off two- or three-inch sections of rhizomes which have fresh green leaves attached. They should resemble those in the picture above.

Finally, fill a crocked, clay pot with soil (again, this should be well-draining), and then pin the rhizomes to the surface of the mix. I use bent pieces of 22-gauge wire for pinning; a bent “bobby-pin” will work as well. In any event, do not bury the furry feet, or they will rot.

And be sure to use a shallow pot, for fejeensis does not have deep roots. I use bulb pans and also “azalea” pots to accommodate the fern’s propagation.

Placed in bright light (no direct sun, please), or beneath fluorescent lights if you have them, the rhizomes will form roots. Rooting will be evident when new growth emerges.
Propagation by Division. Now, if pinning rhizomes to soil seems like too much work, you can simply divide the fern into two or more plants. Follow the exact same procedure I described in detail for dividing the Boston fern. Just be sure to pot the divisions so  rhizomes are located above the soil line, not beneath it.

No matter your age, I promise you’ll feel much, much younger in the presence of Davallia fejeensis. For it is one of the oldest plants on earth. Some botanists believe this fern predates the dinosaur. Now that’s a conversation-starter!

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Related Posts:
How to Divide & Conquer the Boston Fern
The Brilliant “Thanksgiving” Cactus
The Spectacular, Re-Blooming Cyclamen

Comments

  1. jerry in sealy says:

    Funny posted my comment before looking at you tutorial! You did what i did to mine.

  2. Gen says:

    Awesome, and I will be bookmarking this! Got a rabbit's foot fern several years ago, and it's done pretty well… occasional brown and dropping leaves, but it's happy hanging from my dining room chandelier! Plenty of light, even if it's artificial, I guess.

  3. Gen – Fejeensis hanging from a chandelier? What a gorgeous sight! Actually, before the invention of fluorescents in the late 1930s, lots of indoor gardeners grew foliage plants — philodendron and grape ivy among them — beneath incandescent lamps. Savvy lamp-makers of that period even designed standing lamps with brackets attached for plants. So your chandelier-idea is not only a good one, but it has historical precedence too!

  4. Wendy says:

    What a great article! I'm glad you are getting good results from the Miracid plant food using the constant feeding method.

    Have you tried that same method using the Miracle Gro All Purpose Plant Food? It has a neutral pH, instead of the acidifying reaction of the Miracid. Rabbit's Foot Ferns tend to thrive best in a soil pH of 6.5 to 7.5, which is nearly neutral.

  5. Wendy – My Davallias have flourished with the pinch of miracid I give them with each watering between Jan. and Sept. Good to know they will also thrive in soil that has a mostly-neutral pH.

  6. Roxy says:

    Hi Kevin…

    What do you do if your fern has no green leaves left on it? :(

  7. Hi Roxy – If the furry rhizomes are still healthy, meaning they are not completely dried out, just cut them into 2- to 3-inch segments. Pin the segments on the surface of damp potting mix. The rhizomes should sprout new growth in about a month.

  8. joan says:

    We’ve always called them Monkey Tail Ferns.

  9. Diana says:

    Do you know where to buy rabbit’s foot ferns online? After seeing yours, I want one.

  10. Hi Diana – Off the top of my head, I don’t know a mail-order source for this beautiful fern. My original plant came from a local florist’s shop — I asked them to order it. Your own local florist will probably leap at the chance to order one for you, too!

  11. Martha says:

    Kevin, you are a wealth of knowledge: from violets to cupcakes to seedlings, even to history. Thank you for generously sharing a wealth that has come from study AND experience which equals = wisdom and insight.

  12. Laura says:

    I got mine at a craft sale in NH about 15 years ago. I divided it into three several years ago and they are thriving. They all need to be divided again! I just forgot how long it takes for them to establish after being divided so that they look as full and lush again, as your does. It would be nice to give some away, as I am running out of room for them. I keep them in a bathtub we don’t use, which is next to several windows so they get great natural light. It’s convenient because they occasionally drop a fine brown powder and being in the tub, it’s easy to clean up (and water them). Do you know what that is and why that happens? I feel I need to advise those who receive the divided plants. Thanks for any information!

  13. Patc says:

    I brought a Rabbit’s foot fern back to my home in Virginia a couple of years ago. I purchased it at a friend’s greenhouse in Iowa. I love that fern-maybe because that was my Mother’s name. It is now doing very poorly and after reading the great information and comments at this web site, I think I can return it to a better state with more plants that I can share with others. Thanks so very much for all your comments which give me hopes to be successful in reviving my plant..

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