Primroses have it all — sparkling color, easy care, and the ability to thrive at any bright but sunless window. Gorgeous varieties of these classy spring harbingers can be found at your local, independent florist’s shop, but only from January through March. For this is their greenhouse-induced flowering period. You might enjoy, as I do each winter, a three month fling with a primrose or two. Here are my favorites types:
The English Primrose, P. acaulis, is familiar to most for its vividly-hued, tightly-clustered, 6-petaled flowers. These form a lavish bouquet above a rosette of foliage, rather like the African violet. Colors range from denim blue through ruby red, and every conceivable shade in between. Snip off faded blossoms to sustain a 3-month flowering period. And after that, you can plant it out in the garden. Acaulis is hardy in zones 4-7.
The Fairy Primrose, P. acaulis, tempts us with its sheer sweetness. Tall stems encircled not once but two or three times with tiny blooms, each one resembling a forget-me-not, surmount the plant with a white, lilac, or purple mist. Its delicate air resembles baby powder. It is hardy only in zones 8-10.
Then there is the German Primrose, P. obconica, as big and bold as Wagner’s Brunhilde. Atop every stem are eight or more flowers, each one measuring one-inch in diameter. Bloom colors are pink, purple, blue, orange or white. The leaves of older varieties contain primin, a substance that can cause a mild rash on certain individuals. But newer varieties, such as those in the Embrace and Libre series, are primin-free. Like malacoides, it is only worth planting outdoors in zones 8-10.
Despite their unique forms and flowers, these three primroses enjoy the same home life. Lots of light, plenty of water and a cool temperature are vital necessities. A hot, dry room will shorten a primrose career by weeks. An east or west window, where the sun filters in briefly and gently, is ideal.
A primrose’s powerful thirst should be quenched via bowl or deep saucer. For unless it is watered from the bottom, foliage must be lifted each time to keep moisture from the center of the plant. My plants rest in clear glass bowls, to which water is poured twice daily.
Compared to other houseplants, primroses are easy plants for the attentive gardener. In fact, the only hard part is deciding which cultivar to buy.
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